THE SACRAMENTS
BACK TO CHURCH
& SACRAMENTS
THE SACRAMENTS OF HEALING
      BAPTISM
      EUCHARIST
      RECONCILIATION
      ANOINTING OF THE SICK
EUCHARIST - COMMUNION
The Eucharist represents the whole Pascal Mystery -
God's total saving power. By participating in the Eucharist we deepen and strengthen our rebirth with Jesus, our membership in the church, our life in the Spirit, and our responsibility to proclaim the good news and promote God's reign.
The LAST SUPPER OF JESUS, was the Jewish SEDER, or PASSOVER. A celebration that recalled how God rescued the Isrealites from slavery to Egypt. Just as the Jewish people used lamb and other special foods at their seder, The Eucharist during the mass, recalls God's rescue of all humanity from the slavery of sins, and death. Our special food is the LAMB OF GOD, Jesus.
RITE OF BAPTISM
Blessing of water - a priest or a deacon blesses the waters and then calls the Parents and Godparents forward. The priest then asks the God Parents (representatives of the child) to turn away from sins, and to profess their faith. This profession of faith is like the Apostles's Creed, asking each sentence as a question?
Sprinkling water, or pouring water - over a child's head celebrates the beginning of discipleship.
Anointing of chism - oil, in which the priest says and makes the sign of the cross on the forhead of baby symbolizing our union with Jesus, as an "anointed one".
Dressed in white - Then a child is given a white gown symbolizing "putting on Christ" and becomes a new person.
Light a candle - The Godparents then light a smaller candle off the Easter candle which represents the Resurrected Christ, the light of the world.
   
BAPTISM
   of a child (infant) is the norm. Catholics baptize babies shortly after birth. The old belief was that baptism was "the ticket to heaven" and no child who died without it went to heaven.
Baptism can also occur in the older children and adults, called converts This usually takes place on Easter Vigil (see LENT TO EASTER) in which older children and adults receive Baptism, First Communion, at the same time
To celebrate Jesus beginning ministry He was baptized in the River Jordan by John the Baptist. In representation of God freeing His people from slavery, leading them safely across the Red Sea. And later after crossing the desert crossing the Jordan River and entering the Promised Land.
Therefore water is the main ingredient. Through Baptism we are restored to the original holiness, with our loss of original sin.
Since babies can't talk for themselves they have representatives called God-Parents.
Through the waters of Baptism we are New members of the Church died and buried with Jesus, and then raised from the watery tomb with the Risen Jesus, into a new life in the spirit. We emerged united to Jesus, as a new disciple, and a new member of of his community of disciples, the Church.
SACRAMENTS OF SERVICE
     MATRIMONY
     ORDINATION (HOLY ORDERS)
THE SACRAMENTS:
RITE OF BAPTISM (continued)
RECONCILIATION (Confession)
EUCHARIST (Communion)
CONFIRMATION
ORDINATION (Holy Orders)
MATRIMONY
ANNOINTING OF THE SICK
RECONCILIATION - (Confession) - is an intergal part of the Catholic Faith. The meaning is to admit one's own guilt.
The method given by Jesus, to the Catholic Church by which individual men and women may confess sins committed after Baptism and have their sins absolved by a priest.
1st known as a second Baptism. Baptism as you know marks a total break with sin and the member of the Church. But as humans, we tend to slip back into sin.
Originally called Pentenance, originally the process was for the sinner to appear before the bishop in public ceremony. They admitted what they did, and said they were sorry. Then depending on the sin a penance was assigned. During the time of penance, the sinner could not enter the church., once completed they were welcomed back in.
Now we go to Confession, appear before a priest or in a confessional, tell our sins and ask for forgiveness. The priest assigns a pentenance usually something to be completed after confession. Repeating of prayers.
Then the priest speaking in the name of Jesus and the Church, laid his hands on the sinner and said the words of Absolution.
PRAYER - ACT of CONTRITION ( See PRAYERS)
PRIESTS - as an individual man, however, pious or learned, has no power to forgive sins. The power belongs to God alone, however God can and does exercise it through the Catholic Priest. With the words "I absolve you from your sins in the name of the Father, and of the Son,and of the Holy SPirit."
The Sacrament of Reconciliation - focuses on healing, forgiveness and peace.
Confessing sins, getting hidden feelings out, forgiving others, and finding peace. Experiencing the Joy of Healing.
In order for the sacrament to be valid, the sinner must do more than just simply confess his known sins to the priest. He must be truly sorry, have a firm commitment to never commit sin, perform the pentenance imposed by the priest. Also in addition to confessing any mortal sins, the sinner must disclose how many times each sin was committted, to the best of their ability. A priest may never reveal to anyone even authorities what is said in a confessional. This is called the Seal of the Confessional. For the priest to break that seal would lead to a Latai Senteniae (automatic) excommunication reserved to the Holy See.
GUIDE TO CONFESSION
     EXAMINATION OF CONSCIENCE
     SEVEN CAPTAL SINS
HOW TO GO TO CONFESSION
THE SACRAMENTS:
  EUCHARIST (Communion)
CONFIRMATION
ORDINATION (Holy Orders)
MATRIMONY
ANNOINTING OF THE SICK
THE EUCHARIST
- the HEART of all SACRAMENTS
DO THIS IN REMEMBRANCE OF ME
Remembering how Jesus gave himself up on the cross as a sacrifice. When Jesus established the Sacrament of the Eucharist at the Last Supper, said "THIS IS MY BODY WHICH IS GIVEN UP FOR YOU. THIS IS MY BLOOD WHICH IS SHED FOR YOU" and asked His followers to do this to remember Him. The Eucharist is both a meal and a sacrafice-a sacrifical meal. We recall how Jesus was raised up from death and how his sacrafice won everlasting life for all who believed in Him.
Use of INCENSE: Is used to have 2 purposes (1) the smoke rising to heaven was a sign our prayers and offerings were acceptable. (2) the incense was a deodorizer or room freshener used to cover up the bad odors that came from killing animals and burning them in sacrafice.
CONFIRMATION -
Confirmation seals that what was started in Baptism, or strengthened in a Pentacost experience.
Confirmation is a sign of membership in the Church.
Confirmation brings an increase & deepening of baptismal grace
   - unites us with Jesus
   - increase the gifts of the Holy Spirit
   - renders our bond to the Church
THE SACRAMENTS:

CONFIRMATION
ORDINATION (Holy Orders)
MATRIMONY
ANNOINTING OF THE SICK
The mass centers around the Eucharist, with other features added with time. The entrance rite, the opening prayers, the Gloria the creed, and the gathering of gifts, the preparation of the table. All of the other sacraments have symbolism in the Eucharist. God forgives and heals in Confession. We welcome and extend our care of the poor, sick in Anointing of the Sick. We are united with Jesus and to each other in the sacraments of Baptism and Confirmation.
At PENTACOST - after Jesus' death and resurrection He sent the Holy Spirit (See Pentecost) When we become confirmed we are annointed with the Holy Spirit to continue Jesus' work.

Confirmation like Baptism can only be received once.
Also known as Chrismation for the conferal of Sanctifying grace and the strengthening of the union between individuals and God.
A BISHOP performs the ceremony.
Annointing with Chism
Laying of Hands
The routes of Confirmation are found in the Acts of the Apostles. "Now the apostles in Jerusalem heard that Samaria had accepted the word of God, they sent them Peter and John, who went down and prayed for them, that they might receive the Holy Spirit, for it had not yet fallen upon any of them. they had only been baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. They they laid hands on them and they received the Holy Spirit."
GIFTS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT
Wisdom
Understanding
Knowledge
Piety
Fortitude
Counsel
Fear of the Lord
THE SACRAMENTS:

ORDINATION (Holy Orders)
MATRIMONY
ANNOINTING OF THE SICK
ANNOINTING OF THE SICK
Healing those who are sic, first thought of for people who were sick were brought to the community to be prayed over, community would lay hands on the sick, sometimes they would get better, and then also feel the pain of their sins. So the spiritual healing would take place. The community prays for all those who are sick in mind and body.
Changing from being a sacrament of the sick, to a sacrament of the dying called EXTREME UNCTION (last annointing).
Then back again to the Sacrament of healing the sick. Healing those through the touch of the Risen Lord. A Sacrament of life not death.
ST JOSEPH  - is the patron saint of a happy death. According to Church tradition, he died peacefully in the arms of Jesus and Mary.
Attending a communal  celebration has benefits as well.
SPRINKLING OF HOLY WATER - sprinkling holy water recalling his or her union with Christ's dying and rising through Baptism.
SCRIPTURE READING- reading of at least one passage from the Bible, reminding people of the healing powers of Jesus.
PRAYERS FOR THE SICK - General intercessions prayed for the community.
LAYING OF HANDS - Laying of hands on a sick person. The gesture is a reminder of Confirmation when we are sealed with God's love through the Holy Spirit and complete our initiation in to the church.
ANOINTING WITH BLESSED OIL - anointing the head's of people and hands for healing.
COMMUNION- all receive the Eucharist shows union with Jesus and with the Christian community, when accompanying Anointing of the Sick the Eucharist is called VIATICUM, the word means "food for the journey" So prayers will nourish and strengthen the sick person-either through the journey of healing or through the journey to eternal life.
THE SACRAMENTS:

ORDINATION (Holy Orders)
MATRIMONY
MATRIMONY -
MARRIAGE between a man and a women. The sacrament is called Matrimony. This sacrament celebrates the way a husband and a wife, through their love for one another, will be open to children and will help meet the needs of others in the community.
Marriage is as old as the human race. From the beginning young men and women have left their parents home to spend the rest of their lives together supporting each other, caring for each other, and forming a family of their own. So Jesus didn't invent marriage. He raised up this natural union between a man and a woman He changed it into a sign of His own love and His own presence.
Two people a man and a woman come together exchanging vows. They promise to love and be faithful to each other. The man is called and empowered to be a sacrament of Jesus' presence for his wife.  The women is called and empowered to be a sacrament of Jesus' presence for her husband. These vows are made with the words I DO.
I DO
The Catholic Church does NOT allow divorce. Although it seems unfair;it is a sacrament and once a sacrament is performed it can't be undone. The only way to separate within the church is to receive "Declaration of nulity" A declaration of nulity may seem like a divorce but it really isn't. When the church decides that it is over it means "In this relationship a sacramental marriage never happened."
For sacramental marriage to take place their are certian conditions.
* both must freely choose to enter into marriage
* must already have a relationship with Jesus
* both must be open to having children
* both must have basic emotional maturity.
The main event of a marriage is not the white dress, the tux, veils, rings, bridesmaids, flowers etc. It is the special words said to each other. The final words "Until Death Do US Part"
Frequently, vows are said within the context of the mass,but not necessary.

The sacrament of Marriage signifies the union of Christ and the Church. It gives spouses the grace to love each other with the love with which Christ has loved the church, the grace of the sacrament thus perfects the human love of spouses.strengthens their indissolvable unity, and sanctifiess them on the way to eternal life.
THE SACRAMENTS:

ORDINATION (HOLY ORDERS)
HOLY  ORDERS   ---- ORDINATION

What is a priest?
A priest acts in the name of Jesus as a "go-between" for GOd and people. A priest does for people today what Jesus did while he was on the earth.

As soon as Jesus began his public ministry he got men around him called APOSTLES. The word apostle in Greek means "one who is sent".
Apostles understood what Jesus was here to do. After Jesus death He told the apostles that is was their turn to go out and complete what He had started - to bring the good news to the people.
He gave them instructions to look after His church. Over time the followers of Christ came to call this special role in the Church as priesthood.

Men who are called to receive Holy Orders are commissioned to act in the name of Jesus in services in the CHurch.
ORDINATION - IS A SACRAMENT through which the mission entrusted by Christ to be His apostles continues to be exercised in the Church until the end of time.
Jesus made PETER the leader of the church. After Peter was matyred, a man chosen to lead the church in Rome was considered the successor of Peter. The POPE is the Bishop of Rome, and the Successor of PETER
Several stages or degrees to the Sacrament of Holy Orders (order comes from the Latin word "rank" or "degree of responsibility")
BISHOP - is the highest order of the sacrament. Considered to be the successors of Peter. Bishops are the go-between the local (diocese) and the whole Church. And have the duty to teach the truths of the Catholic faith to the members of his assigned diocese.
DEACONS- are considered the lowest rank of responsibility. They are ordained by a Bishop. They do NOT have the power of a priest. They CANNOT reside over the Eucharist, or absolve sins in the Sacrament of Pentenance. But they can preach, and be witnesses to weddings, and preside at Baptism's . Those seeking to become priests are first deacons. They are called Transitional deacons. Those who intend to become priests must remain single.
Two SYMBOLS play a major role in the rite of Holy Orders. One is the anointing of oil the other the laying of hands.
Oil is a symbol of bestowing power on a person apart for a special task, or role. Laying of hands is a symbol for passing on power, blessing, responsiblity, or duty.
A bishop has a THIRD symbol, a Crosier (staff) modeled after a shepherd's staff and symbolizes his responsibility as shepherd of the diocese.
Sacraments of Christian Initiation
Baptism
Eucharist
Confirmation

Sacraments of Healing
Reconciliation
Anointing of the Sick

Sacraments of Vocation
Holy Orders
Matrimony
BACK TO BASIC CATHECHISM